According to study of “Gas for Climate”, gas pipelines1 are ideal for the hydrogen transit. Using this type of transmission makes the use of hydrogen cheaper and more efficient than batteries or fuel cells, which are suitable for hydrogen-powered buses or cars.
Transit of hydrogen itself is in principle a very simple and straightforward matter. There are three important steps in the production of so-called Green Hydrogen. The starting point is the production of clean energy using, for example, solar panels or wind power plants. From these, the energy then travels through pipelines to an electrolyser where the H2 itself is produced. From the electrolyser, the hydrogen is then mixed with natural gas and sent to the plant. It can be used primarily as energy for the operation of factories, as fuel for cars or for heating homes. Energy has never been cleaner.
Hydrogen is not present in nature in its basic form. However, it can be produced by a wide range of chemical and physical processes. At present, it is mainly obtained from natural gas for industrial purposes through a thermochemical conversion process that produces CO2 (so-called ‘grey hydrogen’). To this can be added CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technology to produce decarbonized hydrogen or ‘blue hydrogen’.
The transit system of Eustream is an important tool for the entire EP Infrastructure Group regarding future transit of H2 from Eastern Europe towards the West. Additionally, thanks to four compressor stations with a total capacity of almost 500 MW, Eustream is also a key partner of EP Infrastructure handeling future hydrogen distribution by using its current capacities. Finally, the compressor station in Veľké Kapušany with its capacity of almost 300 MW is the largest of its kind in Europe.
1 Current study can be found here: https://gasforclimate2050.eu/publications/